Written by Sarah Daniels / Produced by Theatre of Debate


Glossary – Medical/Scientific


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a subtype of ADHD.


Short for biological diversity, is the term used to describe the variety of life and processes found on Earth and includes ecosystem, genetic and cultural diversity, and the connections between these and all species.


Is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the UK. It’s passed on from one person to another through unprotected sex (sex without a condom). In 2010, 186,753 people tested positive for chlamydia in England. Most of these- more than 150,000- were 24 years old or younger.


Is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. There are two main types of diabetes, referred to as type 1 and type 2. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to function properly, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin. This is known as insulin resistance.


Occurs naturally in fruits, vegetables and their juices, as well as honey. It gives these foods their sweet taste. Fructose in crystalline form has been widely used for the past 20 years as a nutritive sweetener in foods and beverages.


Is a hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreas, and is central to regulating carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin causes cells in the liver, skeletal muscles and fat tissue to absorb glucose from the blood.


Also known as D-glucose, dextrose, or grape sugar is a simple monosaccharide (sugar) found in plants. It is one of the three dietary monosaccharides, along with fructose and galactose, that are absorbed directly into the bloodstream during digestion.


A medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems.

Puppy Fat

Fatty tissue that develops in childhood or adolescence and usually disappears as people get older.

Glossary – Popular Culture

Ant and Dec

Anthony McPartlin and Declan Donnelly, known collectively as Ant & Dec, are an English – Irish comedy and TV presenting duo from Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.

Susan Boyle

A Scottish singer who came to international public attention when she appeared as a contestant on the TV programme Britain’s Got Talent on 11 April 2009, singing “I Dreamed a Dream” from Les Misérables.

James Kimberley Corden

An English stage, television and film actor, comedian, television comedy writer, producer and presenter.

Simon Cowell

An English television, music and talent competition judge, television producer, entrepreneur, and television personality.


A long-running and high-profile British television programme produced by the BBC, that reconstructs major unsolved crimes with a view to gaining information from the members of the public.

Duke of Edinburgh Award

An award given for completing a programme of activities that can be undertaken by anyone aged 14 to 24.

F.E’s – Full English’s

A cooked breakfast usually consisting of bacon, sausages and eggs, often served with a variety of side dishes and a beverage such as coffee or tea.

Food Bank

A non-profit, charitable organisation that distributes food to those who have difficulty purchasing enough food to avoid hunger.

Going viral

A viral video is a video that becomes popular through the process of (most often) internet sharing, typically through video sharing websites, social media and email. Viral videos often have humorous content and include televised comedy sketches.


The UK’s only dedicated online supermarket, which sells groceries, household products, toys, books, and magazines.


An international confederation of 17 organisations working in approximately 90 countries worldwide to find solutions to poverty and related injustice around the world.

Personal trainer

A fitness professional involved in exercise prescription and instruction. They motivate clients by setting goals and providing feedback and accountability to clients. Trainers also measure their client’s strengths and weaknesses with fitness assessments.


Also known as Yangon (literally: “End of Strife”) is a former capital of Burma (Myanmar) and the capital of Yangon Region.


An Irish racehorse, and winner of the 202nd Epsom Derby (1981) by ten lengths— the longest winning margin in the race’s history. Two years later, on 8 February 1983, Shergar was stolen by masked gunmen with the body never being discovered.


A traditional German fruit cake usually eaten during the Christmas season containing dried fruit and often marzipan and covered with sugar, powdered sugar or icing sugar.

Tribute group

A music group, singer, or musician who specifically plays the music of a well known music act – sometimes one which has disbanded, ceased touring or is deceased.

Vine App

A mobile app owned by Twitter that enables its users to create and post short video clips. The service was introduced with a maximum clip length of six seconds.